The Psalms Show Us That the Christ Is God’s Son, Our Lord - Midweek Lent 1
Rev. Charles Westby, Pastor
Psalms 2:7, Psalms 110:1-4
February 24, 2021

In his letter to the Romans, the Apostle Paul says that the Christ comes from the people of Israel, according to His physical ancestry and origin. And then Paul declares that the Christ “is God over all things, blessed for ever. Amen” (Romans 9:5).

The Apostle clearly declares that the Christ is God over all things. The Psalms also teach this about the Christ. But this is not an academic question. It matters to us very much, as the Psalms also teach.

Let’s look first at Psalm 2. It starts out by saying: “The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord and against his Anointed” (Psalm 2:2 ESV). Then a little further in Psalm 2, the Lord says: “As for me, I have set my King on Zion, my holy hill” (Psalm 2:6 ESV). The king is the Christ, the anointed one. And of the Christ, Psalm 2 says something quite special: “I will tell of the decree: the Lord said to me, ‘You are my Son; today I have begotten you’” (Psalm 2:7 ESV).

Who is the person saying “I will tell of the decree?” It is the King, the one the Lord has set on Zion. So it is the Christ that says, “I will tell of the decree that the Lord said to me. ‘You are my Son.”

This is wonderful. The King, who is the Christ, speaks of a decree that the Lord spoke to Him. And in this decree, the Lord declares to the Christ: “You are my Son; today I have begotten you.” So the Christ is God’s Son.

Begotten: we echo this language in our confession of who Jesus is: only-begotten Son; begotten of His Father before all worlds; begotten, not made (See the Nicene Creed, Second Article).

This begetting is special when we consider just what kind of today it is if it is “today” for the Lord. Today for us speaks of now. Not yesterday, not tomorrow, but today.

Today for the Lord is like that, but also not like that, for today for the Lord is an eternal now. God dwells in eternity. So “today” for God is an eternal now. In Lord’s eternal now, the Lord begat the Son. The Christ, our Lord, is eternally begotten of the Father, beyond our space and time, in the eternal now of the Father. Begotten of the Father before all worlds, from all eternity.

This matters, or we could say, it has implications with respect to Christ’s authority. A few verses later in Psalm 2, it tells all people and us too: “Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling” (Psalm 2:11 ESV). It goes on to say: “Now therefore O kings, be wise; be warned, O rulers of the earth. . . . Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish in the way, for his wrath is quickly kindled” (Psalm 2:12a). But then it says: “Blessed are all who take refuge in him” (Psalm 2:12b).” How do we serve the Lord? “Kiss the Son” (Psalm 2:12), says the Holy Spirit. God has placed all judgment in the hands of the Christ, His Son, whether to condemnation or salvation. We echo these words when we confess: and He will come again to judge both the living and the dead.

You, dear friends, are blessed, for you “Kiss the Son.” The kiss is a sign of friendship and loyalty. You call the Son your dearest friend. You take refuge in Him. Blessed are you. You have nothing to fear from the Son. In the Son, you have nothing to fear from God.

Let us now turn to Psalm 110. In Psalm 110, we hear this: “The Lord says to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool’” (Psalm 110:1 ESV).

When you look at the English translation of this verse, you see that the word “lord” appears twice. The first time it appears in large and small capital letters. Yahweh is the Hebrew name for God behind this way of saying “Lord” in English. Yahweh is the name God gave to Moses at the burning bush (Exodus 3).

The second time the word “lord” appears in this verse it is in normal type-face “Lord.” The Hebrew word behind this is Adonai. So we could say Psalm 110:1 like this: “Yahweh says to my Adonai.”

Adonai in Hebrew means master. So we could say that King David is saying in Psalm 110:1: Yahweh says to my Master.

This is amazing. It is amazing because of what King David says about Adonai elsewhere in the Psalms. Psalm 40 verse 17 is a good example. King David said there: “As for me, I am poor and needy, but Adonai takes thought of me. You are my help and my deliverer; do not delay, O my God!” (Psalm 40:17).

David calls Adonai his help and deliverer. He pleads to Adonai: “Do not delay, O my God!.” He calls Adonai God.

So back to Psalm 110:1, Yahweh, who is God, is speaking to David’s Master Adonai, who is God. God is speaking to God. We are not talking about two Gods, since there is only one God and God is One. But we have here the mystery of God speaking to God, and this is taking place in the Old Testament.

This comes into play in the episode we read from Mark 12 earlier. There Jesus challenged the conception that the scribes and pharisees had about the Christ. The scribes were supposed to be experts in understanding the teaching of the Old Testament. Apparently, however, they could not accept that the Christ was true God, as it says in Psalms 2 and 110.

Did they have preconceived ideas about what was possible about God and Christ and our salvation causing them not to hear what the Scripture so plainly says? Did they have political reasons to deny that the Christ is true God and that Jesus is the Christ? Does this sound like people today?

In response to the scribes, Jesus pointed to Psalm 110:1 to teach the people. It was not disputed that the Christ was to be the son of King David. Yet, Jesus says, “David himself, in the Holy Spirit, declared: ‘Yahweh says to my Master, Adonai.’” David calls the Christ Adonai. So Jesus drives home the point: “If David [in Psalm 110:1] calls the Christ Lord, Adonai, then how can the Messiah be David’s son?’ (Mark 12:37). David’s son is a human being. So what Jesus is saying is if David calls the Christ, His Son, Lord, that is, true God, then how can He also be a true human being? Jesus seems to playing a little with the scribes and pharisees, here. He is also trying to get them to realize what the Psalms teach about the Christ. The people heard Jesus gladly.

And so reading Psalm 2 carefully, we can answer Jesus. We could say. Yes, Jesus. Psalm 2 says of the Christ: “I will tell of the decree, Yahweh says of me: ‘You are My Son; today I have begotten You.” This is a wonderful mystery revealed, and the amazing work of God, that the Christ should be our brother, David’s son, and our God.

So we bow and worship at the feet of Jesus, because He is our Master, our God. We “kiss” Him, claiming Him as our Lord and God. And we do so for our great blessing and encouragement. We are comforted because Yahweh says to our Lord and Master: “Rule in the midst of your enemies!” (Psalm 110:2b). Are we surrounded by enemies? Who rules in the midst of them? Christ does. Why? Because He is Lord and God.

We are also comforted because David speaks to you about our Lord, Adonai, Christ, our Master: “He is at your right hand” (Psalm 110:5). And like in Psalm 2, Psalm 110 says that Adonai, David’s Son, our Lord, “will execute judgment among of the nations” (Psalm 110:6).  

The world does not believe that the Christ is God’s Son, Lord and God. But the Scripture declares this. And you know Him and hold fast to Him. You are on the right side of God’s judgment against the nations. You are blessed because you take refuge in Him. His Name is Jesus. You are eternally safe in Him. Amen.


Downloadable Documents